Olympics 2021 Lead To A Sprint In Japanese Airline Capacity
This is traditionally one of the peak weeks for airline capacity in the aviation industry, a combination of school holidays throughout Europe and the attraction of sunburn on a Mediterranean beach explain the 119 million seats on offer in 2019. This week that capacity is down at 82.7 million and although that is cause for celebration, it is the first week since the pandemic that we have broken through that mark with an additional 2.8 million seats added week-on-week. It is also the first week of “freedom” in the UK, the introduction of a new colour traffic light for travel and the supreme irony of key UK politicians locked down; there is always a silver lining in anything!
As is always the case airlines continue to adjust their schedules, in many cases just adjusting capacity for the next sixty-day period as they attempt to read demand. Nearly two million seats have been removed for July, and in August a further 6.8 million have been removed as major markets continue to be in virtual lockdown around the globe. Current global airline capacity is 22% below January 2020 levels, but more realistically remains at 30% below the same week in July 2019, and with many load factors between 15-20% below normal demand levels many flights are still offering two or indeed three seats for the price of one. Last week’s prize for the lowest load factor probably goes to a Dubai – Phuket service operated for just 13 commercial passengers as part of the sandbox experiment on the Island; we have to start somewhere, I guess.
Chart 1 – Scheduled Airline Capacity by Month
Western Europe with an 8% capacity increase week-on-week leads the way adding back some 1.2 million seats, many of these are from the United Kingdom where 400,000 additional seats were added as travel restrictions are eased, at least for today. Some 800,000 more seats were added in North East Asia which looks like an Olympian effort and the region remains the largest market in the world, 350,000 of those seats were added in Japan despite most events at Tokyo 2020/21 being held with no spectators. And on another positive note as we predicted last week Indonesia has again bounced back from its latest Covid-19 spike with another half a million seats for this week, quite how many will be filled is another matter given the short notice changes taking place.
Unfortunately, the Southwest Pacific region continues to be affected by the latest series of State lockdowns in Australia where reported cases remain lower than many small towns in the rest of the world. With vaccination rates still below my average exam mark and no plan for an acceleration of vaccinations or apparent desire amongst many to be vaccinated Australia is likely to remain isolated from the rest of the world until at least early 2022; that will impact many airlines who rely on international demand to and from the country. With strict quotas in place for every airline operating to Australia, it is perhaps surprising that there are still over 110,000 international seats scheduled to the country this week. However, when the average yield in April for Etihad to Australia was some US$3,359 per passenger it’s easier to understand; their average business class fare was US$ 7,626 (gulp!)
Table 1– Scheduled Airline Capacity by Region
The United States remains the largest country market although China is creeping up again with the gap now less than one million seats, some changes up and down in each country and that gap could narrow further. These two countries account for 45% of global capacity at the moment; in July 2019 they accounted for 26%, the power of their domestic markets explaining their increasing share.
Mediterranean markets are clearly benefitting from the reopening of European markets with more and more capacity being added back including airlines such as Lufthansa and Tui using their wide-bodied fleets to add more capacity in the last week. The United Kingdom has a staggering 33% increase in capacity this week and whilst that is positive the country remains at less than half the July 2019 levels as major long-haul markets to North America and Asia remain heavily restricted. Turkey continues to trot forward and is now the 6th largest market in the world having moved up from 12th since July 2019, once again domestic capacity explaining that movement.
Table 2- Scheduled Capacity, Top 20 Country Markets
The top five largest airlines in the world remain unchanged and appear to all be taking a planning holiday with little change to their weekly capacity levels, China Southern the notable exception; perhaps they don’t take holidays, or they may equally be aware of Ryanair sneaking up on their shoulder. Current expectations are that Ryanair will not break into the top five this summer season; their current peak capacity week has some 2.945 million seats although you can never be quite sure what Ryanair will do from week-to-week.
Table 3 - Top 10 Airlines
Stay safe everyone.